He was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, in Ile-de-France on August 22, 1862 and entered the Conservatoire National Supérior de Musique et de Danse de Paris at the age of twenty. Winner of the Prix de Rome for his cantata L'enfant prodigue, he lived at the Villa Medici between 1885 and 1887. He went to Bayreuth to attend the operas of Richard Wagner, fundamental inspiration along with the Indonesian music he heard at the Universal Exhibition of 1889. The Suite Bargamasque for piano of 1890 was well received, however, it was with the Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune for orchestra of 1894 that he gained international fame. Pelleas et Melisande, his only completed opera was produced in 1902, but the public reception at the time was disastrous due to the innovative musical structure. Author of famous compositions like the Nocturnes, a symphonic triptych for female chorus and orchestra (1901) and the three symphonic sketches La mer (1905), Debussy died in Paris on March 25, 1918.
Born in Milan in 1961, here he graduated in conservatory Giuseppe Verdi. Among the many positions held are those of Chief Conductor of the Zurich Opera ( 2009-12 ), musical director of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna (1997-2007 ), and Principal Guest Conductor of the Royal Opera House in London ( 1994-97 ). It is among the few Italian directors invited to the Bayreuther Festspiele, where he inaugurated the 2008 edition with a new production of Parsifal. After Elektra in 2010, he returns to Salzburg Festival in 2012 to conduct La Bohème. In the same year, with the Wiener Philharmoniker, conducts the entire cycle of the Brahms symphonies in Vienna and in a European tour. He opened the season at the Teatro alla Scala in 2008 with Don Carlo and La Traviata in 2013 . Since 2008 he is Music Director of the Orchestre National de France and, since 2009 Conductor Laureate of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in London, after having been their Music Director since 1996.
Born in Milan in 1958, he graduated in 1978 from the Drama School of the Piccolo Teatro. He also took a degree in Theoretical Philosophy at the University of Pavia in 1985, and three years later designed his first theater production. A collaborator with Moni Ovadia, Studio Azzurro and Teatro Due di Parma, he is interested in relations between different theatrical languages and frequently uses multimedia technology. In the field of musical theater, his work ranges from the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to contemporary creations of Giorgio Battistelli and Luciano Berio. Artistic Director of the Fondazione I Teatri di Reggio Emilia since 2003, he received the Premio Abbiati for Il Prigioniero and Il Volo di Notte of Luigi Dallapiccola staged at the 67th Maggio Musicale Fiorentino.